Nov 14, 2018

Incredible Animals: A Look At Dolphin Intelligence

Dolphins are one of the most intelligent and friendly inhabitants of the sea (except, possibly, whales). Here is a look at some of the videos that indicate, experiment with and explain Dolphin intelligence.

Super Smart Dolphin Answers Questions | Extraordinary Animals | Earth
The Echo Location Visualization and Interface System (ELVIS) allows Dolphins to make choices and answer questions. Luna the young Dolphin grasped the concept quickest and is eager to choose her own meals and please her trainers.

The Creative Dolphin: What Dolphins Do When Asked to Vary Their Behavior

Summary: The variability of dolphin behavior is evident in their communication, foraging, and play. Dolphins can also vary their behavior when asked to do so by humans. Following the work of Karen Pryor and her colleagues, this ability is commonly referred to as creative behavior, a bit of a misnomer since dolphins need not always create a new behavior to succeed on this task. Nonetheless, when given a task in which success depends on not repeating what one has already done, dolphins are able to remember what they have done and successfully produce a new behavior, sometimes even a completely novel one. In this paper, we report similarities and differences in the performance of three bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) given such a task, the results highlighting the need for continued investigation of individual differences in cognitive style and performance. Original Publication: Kuczaj, S.A. and Eskelinen, H.C. 2014. The "Creative Dolphin" Revisited: What Dolphins Do When Asked to Vary their Behavior? Animal Behavior and Cognition 1:66-76. DOI: 0.12966/abc.02.05.2014 Link to Publication:

CNN: Dolphins see themselves in mirror
CNN's Randi Kaye goes down in an underwater lab to see how dolphins react to themselves in a mirror.

Just how smart are dolphins? | Inside the Animal Mind | BBC - Dolphins are one of the smartest animal species on Earth. In fact, their encephalization quotient (their brain size compared to the average for their body size) is second only to humans. But exactly how smart are they? Lori Marino details some incredible facts about dolphins.

Could we speak the language of dolphins? | Denise Herzing
For 28 years, Denise Herzing has spent five months each summer living with a pod of Atlantic spotted dolphins, following three generations of family relationships and behaviors. It's clear they are communicating with one another -- but is it language? Could humans use it too? She shares a fascinating new experiment to test this idea.

Dolphins: Even Smarter Than You Thought | Nat Geo Live - From learning English symbols to teaming up to trick their prey, dolphin intelligence continues to surprise researchers. National Geographic photographer Brian Skerry catches the dolphins' remarkable behavior in action.

Dolphins Come Together to Greet Newborn | BBC Earth

Dolphins trick fish with mud "nets" | One Life | BBC

Dolphins interacting with a violin player:

Dolphin listening to flute music

Dolphins singing with clarinet player

Cat and Dolphins playing together
Cat and Dolphin playing together. Theater of the Sea, a marine animal park in Islamorada, Florida in 1997. The dolphins are Shiloh and Thunder and the cat is Arthur.

Laughing Dolphin?

Crazy Laughing Dolphin!

Under water laughing? Certainly seems to confirm that Dolphins laugh;

Girl Makes Dolphin Laugh (EXTENDED) ORIGINAL VIDEO

Dolphin shows indicate intelligence too;

SeaWorld's Dolphin Show (voted "Best on YouTube")

Amazing DOLPHIN SHOW - Official Full Episode

Dolphin Days (Full Show) at SeaWorld San Diego on 8/30/15

Science Daily: Dolphin cognitive abilities raise ethical questions, says Emory neuroscientist
Many modern dolphin brains are significantly larger than those of humans and second in mass to the human brain when corrected for body size, says a scientist. Some dolphin brains exhibit features correlated with complex intelligence, including a large expanse of neocortical volume that is more convoluted than that of humans, extensive insular and cingulated regions, and highly differentiated cellular regions. This has ethical and policy considerations.

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