Compare the Shaman of the Lascaux cave of 15000 BC, with his penis erect...
“... in the great paleolithic cavern of Lascaux, in southern France, there is the picture of a shaman dressed in a bird costume, lying prostrate in a trance and with the figure of a bird perched on his shaman staff beside him. The shamans of Siberia wear bird costumes to this day, and many are believed to have been conceived by their mothers from the descent of a bird. In India, a term of honor addressed to the master yogi is Paramahamsa: paramount or supreme (parama) wild gander (hamsa). In China the so-called “mountain men” or “immortals” (hsien) are pictured as feathered, like birds, or as floating through the air on soaring beasts. The German legend of Lohengrin, the swan knight, and the tales, told wherever shamanism has flourished, of the swan maiden, are like-wise evidence of the force of the image of the bird as an adequate sign of spiritual power. And shall we not think, also, of the dove that descended upon Mary, and the swan that begot Helen of Troy? In many lands the soul has been pictured as a bird, and birds commonly are spiritual messengers. Angels are but modified birds. But the bird of the shaman is one of particular character and power, endowing him with an ability to fly in trance beyond the bounds of life, and yet return.” - Primitive Mythology, page 258
Extract from the Gobekli Tepe research blog: While some more reliefs to the left of the scorpion and the bird are hidden by the perimeter wall, to the right of the bird’s neck an especially interesting motif is depicted. Due to damage to the pillar it is not preserved completely, but the representation of a headless human with an erect penis is quite clearly recognizable.
The link between the ancient shamans of the caves to the later Shiva religion of India has been established with this amazing find!
I covered this here:
Göbekli Tepe: Tracing Probable Links In The Mythology Of Göbekli Tepe To The Native Americans
Breaking News - The Shaman Of Gobekli Tepe: The Link Between The Shaman Of Lascaux Cave, Shiva & The Headless Man Gobekli Tepe
[Primitive Mythology -Pages 347-354] 1b. Within the field of the hunting mythologies, however, a second force appears in the phenomenology of shamanism. This cannot be tritely dismissed as "mere neurosis, schizophrenia, ans self-hypnosis." The phenomenology of shamanism is locally conditioned only in a secondary sense - as I believe we have well enough seen. And since it has been precisely the shamans that have taken the lead in the formation of mythology and rites throughout the primitive world, the primary problem of our subject would seem to be not historical or ethnological, but psychological, even biological; that is to say, precedent to the phenomenology of culture styles.
The connection of Shamanism to Gobekli Tepe is pretty obvious to many people looking at this;
Some random blog: Göbekli Tepe Shamans and their Cosmic Symbols – Part I
As it is understood from previous research, Göbekli Tepe was utilized as a ritual center under the control of the Neolithic shamans. Klaus Schmidt, who was the head of excavations clearly referred that Göbekli Tepe had once been the ritual center of the region. According to Schmidt, shamanic rituals were carried out in Göbekli Tepe temples, located in today's Southern Turkey
Some researchers like Andrew Collins also mention the possible shamanism in Göbekli Tepe with regard to astronomy and cosmology. He approaches the subject in terms of pole star belief which we know from shamanism. Pole star is the creation point of all the universe, according to shamans. Today in Asia, Turkish, Mongolian and Tungus shamans still believe that the sky-god Tengri Ülgen ascends the throne on the pole star, Polaris.--- In my opinion, Göbekli Tepe was not only the ritual center of shamans, but also the initiation center of pupil shamans. When Pillar-2 is examined closely, we clearly see bended legs of the crane. On this basis, Schmidt explains that the body of this bird may represent the human being who transforms into the crane form. Afterwards, Schmidt suggests that this phenomenon is related to the shamanism concept.--- Power animals are known as the protector souls of the shaman. In the eyes of shamans, all animals are the elements of shamanic practice. The soul protects the shaman from diseases and malignancies. The shaman who gains that soul no longer cures the illnesses and prophesizes. Power animals are an “alter ego” of the shaman. Shamans imitate his or her power animal and coalesce with them during the ritual. Shamans ascend to the sky – and vice versa on land - with power animals, as they are fellow travelers.
Siberian shamans have power animals like the bear, wolf, rabbit and owl; Yakut shamans have mostly bull, eagle and bear. The forenamed animals are quite similar to the animals found carved on Göbekli Tepe pillars.
On top of that, if we compare the Hindu tradition to something we found at a later Neolithic sites called Nevali Cori, we find a continuous continuum of a tradition that can be link directly to the Hindus on one side and the Shamans on the other. (Not from an accredited site as none seem to exist but probably accurate all the same);
To the "proto-Shiva" of the Indus Valley civilization of 3000 BC, with his penis erect...
Clearly there is a direct link between the proto-Shiva of 3-4 thousand years ago (& probably older than that) to the birdman of 15000 BC. In other words, one culture influenced by the ancient shamans, from who the yogic systm was developed, is India.
Later the cult of Shiva led to a bunch of phallic symbols worshiped in temples you can see in India even today. (And even around the world?)
The shamans with the erect penises became Shiva - and then in some cults - Shiva becomes JUST the erect penis (the whole evolvement of the Lingam symbol of Shiva from ancient times in a nutshell!)...
So the link between the 15000 BC caves and Shiva is clear.
"Ice Shiva" in a cave (caves are still holy places in India where gods like Shiva, descended form the shamans, still reside);
Another interesting fact is that this drawing appears on a seal that emerged as a fully developed cultural artifact in the remains of the Indus valley civilization of Mohenjodaro and Harappa (which must have emerged from a culture that used wood somewhere in Southern India and/or along it's coasts where yoga had already gone through its basic development stages);
From the proto-Shiva of ancient India we can not only trace a link to the shamanic religions of the paleolithic age but also to the Gods of the Ancient Greeks (Poseidon) and to the symbolism in yogic and Buddhist mythology;
Clearly there is a direct link between the proto-Shiva of 3-4 thousand years ago (& probably older than that) to the birdman of 15000 BC. ... and the man next to the bird in Gobekli Tepe with the erect penis.
Also, notice this coffin of Osiris...
Yet another piece of evidence linking the ancient Pharaonic civilization of Egypt to shamanism as I wrote in the following post?:
Was Ancient Egyptian Culture Influenced By Shamans & Shamanism In Its Early Development Stages?
About the dismemberment and reconstitution of Osiris (the God of death and resurrection "Dionysus" in Ancient Greek times);
[Primitive Mythology -Pages 347-354] 2. In contrast to the childlike spirit of the mythology of the paleolithic hunt, a new depth of realization is achieved in the horrendous myths and rites of the planting cultures. The cultural continuum in which these are at home would appear to extend in a broad equatorial band from Sudan, eastward through East Africa and Arabia, India, Indo-China, and Oceania, to Brazil.
Death, here, is not simply the blithe passage of an immortal individual once again through a door through which is has already gone many times and back through which he will again return. A fundamental complementary is vividly recognized between not simply birth and death, but sex and murder. A mythological age is supposed to have anteceded the precipitation of this pair-of-opposites, when there was neither birth nor death but a dreamlike state of essentially timeless being. And the precipitating mythological event by which this age was terminated is renewed in the festivals, in rites such as reviewed and studied in Part Two.
The contrast with the hunting mythology could not be greater. Yet one may ask whether the later mythology does not represent simply a deepening, an enrichment, and a systematization of ideas already inherent in the earlier. Is this "opposite" mythology, or simply a "more mature"? Are the underlying ideas so different that we cannot speak of a common psychological substratum?
The other center of civilization influenced by Shamans is that of Egypt, through which we can trace a link to the middle eastern religions;
Dreams are still an important part of culture and invention, even in our own time, showing a long cultural continuum for the influence of dreams and visions. In other words, the shamanic link of visions for innovation and religious experience is also present in all the cultures of this earth (especially when you notice the Native American influence on American psychology... "all men are equal" is in no where "self-evident" in the Bible with its acceptance of slavery as a fact of life but in the paleolithic age.
Let Him weigh me with accurate scales, And let God know my integrity.
Men of low degree are only vanity and men of rank are a lie; In the balances they go up; They are together lighter than breath.
All the ways of a man are clean in his own sight, But the LORD weighs the motives.
Other things in our culture we can probably link to the shamans in some way or another (considering that they were the driving force for innovation in society... while also occupying such powerful roles as healer, leader, chief/king and seer)
The following is an extract from a trace I did on the Paleolithic age to ours (i.e. Tracing The Sources Of Our Culture To The Paleolithic Age... With Art & Music Being Well Over 40,000 Years Old!)
Extract: Cultural Inventions from the Paleolithic era;
Shamans wear talismans which may have created the tradition of jewelry, body paint is used in ceremonies which are designed and orchestrated by shamans, burying the dead indicates a belief in the afterlife (with all the implication that how one talks to a person/child about death in our culture goes back 300,000 years at least!) and shamans were creators and keepers of mythology for the local tribe & thus influenced the beliefs of the large tribal alliances that must have exited in the past if Native American political organization is any indication of what must have been.
Linking The Swastika To Creation Myths From The Beginning Of Myth (Paleolithic Era Cultures) To The Mythology Of Modern Cultures (Hindu & Buddhist)
As Joseph Campbell Explains: The world creator Black Hactcin held out his hand, and a drop of rain fell into the palm. He mixed ths with earth and it became mud. Then he fashioned a bird from the mud. "Let me see how you are going to use those wings to fly," he said. The mud turned into a bird and flew around. "well, that's just fine!" said Black Hctcin, who enjoyed seeing the difference between this one and the ones with four legs. "But," he said, "I think you need companions." Then he took the bird and whirled it around rapidly in a clockwise direction. The bird grew dizzy, and, as one does when dizzy, saw images round about. He saw all kinds of birds there, eagles, hawks, and small birds too, and when he was himself again, there were all those birds, really there. And birds love the air, dwell high, and seldom light on the groud, because the srop of water that became the mud out of which the first bird was made fell from the sky.
The clockwise whirling image from which the birds of the air were produced suggests those designd on the earliest Samarra pottery of the Mesopotamian high neolithis (c 4500 - 3500 BC) where the forms of animals and birds emerge from a whirling swastika,
and it is surely by no mere accident or parallel development that similar designs - as those in the figures below - occur among the Prehistoric North American mound-builder remains,
Image: Engraved design on conch drinking cup from Craig Mound, Spiro with four Piasa figures (part snake, cat, and bird) arranged in swastika around a central circle and cross.
or that in the ritual life and symbolism of the present Indians of the Southwest - the Pueblos, Navaho, and Apache - the swastika plays a prominent part. This circumstance, however, may supply us not only with additional evidence of a broad cultural diffusion, but also with a clue to the sense of the swastika in the earliest neolithic art and cult, both in the Old World and in the News.
The creator whirled the bird in a clockwise direction and the result was an emanation of dreamlike forms. But swastikas, counter clockwise, appear on many Chinese images of the meditating Buddha; and the Buddha, we know, is removing his consciousness from just this field of dreamlike, created forms - reuniting it through yogic exercise with that primordial abyss or "void" from which all springs.
Stars, darkness, a lamp, a phantom, dew, a bubble,
A dream, a flash of lightning, or a cloud:
Thus should one look upon the worlds.
This we read in a celebrated Buddhist text, The Diamond-Cutter Sutra, which has had an immense influence on Oriental thought.
Now I am not going to suggest that there has been any Buddhist influence on Apache mythology. There has not! However, the poignant thought that Calderon, the great Spanish playwright, expressed in his work La Vida es Sueno ("Life is a Dream"), and that his contemporary, Shakespeare, represented when he wrote
We are such stuff
As dreams are made on, and our little life
Is rounded with sleep.
Observation: While swastikas are symbols of creation in ancient cultures...
And over time they lost their meaning and become "symbols of auspiciousness"...
Wikipedia: Called svastika in Sanskrit, it is an ancient symbol of auspiciousness in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
[Primitive Mythology -Pages 347-354] 3. The dawn of history, as we know it, has now been securely placed in the Near East in the early hieratic city states. And the powerful diffusion of the great syndrome of the higher civilizations from those early centers to the bounds of the earth has now been traced clearly enough to let us know that most of what used to be regarded as evidence of, in Frazer's words, "the effect of similar causes acting on the similar constitution of the human mind in different countries and under different skies." is actually evidence, rather, of diffusion. Many of the culture forms, furthermore, that formerly were thought to be primitive are actually - as we know now - regressed: regressed neolithic, regressed Bronze, or even regressed Iron Age configurations.